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Johanneson: Albert Louis (Albert)

1961-1970 (Player Details)

Outside Left

Born: Johannesburg, South Africa: 13-03-1940

Debut: v Swansea Town (h): 08-04-1961

5’7” 10st 3lb (1969)

#33 in 100 Greatest LUFC Players Ever

The “Black Flash” was recommended to Leeds by a teacher, after Johanneson starred with Germiston Coloured School and Germiston Colliers. Nick-named "Hurry, HurrY' in his native country, he came from the poverty of township life in South Africa to star on the football fields of England. He arrived on a three month trial in January 1961, soon finding the wintry weather far different than what he was used to, but he stuck it out and was signed in April 1961, making his debut the same month. The crowd soon warmed to him as he supplied the cross which Jack Charlton headed in for the first of his two goals that day. He impressed Manager Don Revie also and he played all five games that remained. In the second of those games, in a 0-0 draw at Stoke City on 15th April 1961, he played one game with fellow Black South African winger Gerry Francis for the Elland Road side, Gerry playing at inside right and Johanneson played on the left wing. His bewitching skills, at outside-left, caused havoc amongst Second Division defences. He had great speed, neat ball skills and an eye for goal. He became the first black footballer to achieve true prominence in the English professional game. Others before him, such as Roy Brown, of Stoke City, and Doncaster Rovers' Charlie Williams (who became better known as a comedian), enjoyed worthy careers just after the Second World War, but the personable South African's dashing exploits with Leeds United in the 1960's gave him a far higher public profile. Johanneson had explosive pace, a bewitching side-step and the knack of scoring goals and this made him one of the most effective early contributors to the revival at Elland Road. Conditioned by a life of rigid apartheid, Johanneson was understandably unsure of himself initially, not even knowing if he was allowed to join his white colleagues in the team bath. But Johanneson soon had his answer when his team-mates stripped him of his kit and threw him in. It was a no frills welcome but a warm one which he appreciated. He became a favourite with the Elland Road fans and they, like the vast majority of other supporters, judged him purely on his merits as a footballer, and he stood out as one of the few entertainers in an essentially dour team. Incidents of racism were extremely rare, though on one later occasion he complained to the Manager that an Everton defender, whom he didn't name, had called him a "black bastard" during the heat of a particularly bitter match. Revie's advice was to "call him a white bastard back." Leeds were not a very successful side in those early Revie days and Johanneson after playing the first seven games, from which they had lost four, was dropped, with the young John Hawksby taking over left-wing duties. Johanessen was brought back for the last five matches and he distinguished himself in Leeds's successful battle against relegation in which they drew four and won one. He scored his first Leeds goal on 14th April 1962 in a 1-1 draw at Walsall in the first of those five games, and it was he who scored the opening goal in a 3-0 win at Newcastle United, in the do or die final fixture of the season at Gallowgate on 28th April 1962. He then became firmly established in the side, missing just one game, and was the second top scorer to Jim Storrie, with thirteen League goals, as they came fifth in the 1962-63 season. He only missed five games and was joint leading goalscorer with Don Weston again with thirteen League goals as Leeds won the Second Division championship in 1963-64. One goal in that season would linger in the memories of all who were priveleged to witness it. It came on Easter Monday, 30th April 1964, in the vital home fixture with Newcastle United, when he brought down a long through balland side-stepped three players before slipping the ball beyond the advancing goalkeeper for the vital second Leeds goal. He continued to mesmerise his defensive opponents in the First Division. A target for racial abuse, Johanneson's confidence was sometimes undermined by the jibes of his opponents. He was especially effective in tandem with the club's skipper, Bobby Collins. As the effervescent little Scottish schemer put it, "Albert could fly and I could put the ball on the spot for him. When he was in his stride there weren't many who could catch him." Johanneson's performing peak came, perhaps, in 1964-65, when the newly promoted Leeds were pipped for the title only on goal average by Manchester United, then lost the FA Cup Final to Liverpool, after extra-time. In retrospect, that Wembley defeat, when Johanneson became the first black player to appear in a final, but made disappointingly little impact, marked something of a watershed in his career. It was as though his self-belief, always rather fragile, had taken a severe knock and he was never quite the same again. Soon after that he lost his place to the England international Mike O'Grady, and then became increasingly peripheral through a combination of niggling injuries and the rise of the brilliant Eddie Gray. While no longer a regular Johanneson still had the ability to breach any defece and in European Competitions he is still the only Leeds player to have recorded two hat-tricks at that level. On 26th October 1966 in the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup Second Round Second Leg at Elland Road, he scored the first goal in the twentieth minute and the second goal in the thirty-third minute and completed his treble with the fifth Leeds goal in the seventy-fifth minute top make the score 5-1, which was the final score. His second came on 17th October 1967 in the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup First Round Second Leg at Elland Road, when he scored the first Leds goal after ten minutes and the second after thirty-four minutes and completed his hat-trick with the final Leeds goal in the eightieth minute as they won 7-0 against Spora Luxembourg. Accordingly, Johanneson was no more than a bit player as Revie's Leeds matured into a mighty footballing force and it was no surprise when he left to join York City, of the Fourth Division, in the summer of 1970. Though in his thirty-first year, he had much to offer the Minster men and in his one full season at Bootham Crescent, he helped them gain promotion. He continued to be dogged by fitness problems, however, but scored three goals in twenty-six appearances before retiring in June 1972. He moved back to South Africa for a spell of coaching but returned to Leeds where he fell under the influence of drink and drifted through life as a lonely and broken man. Upon leaving the game, the good life soon disappeared for the South African. He lived in squalor with his brother Trevor and struggled against alcoholism. Towards the end of his life Johanneson had little to remember of the glory days of his soccer career. His marriage had broken up, and he had little or no money. Friends made efforts to get Johanneson to beat the bottle and a dinner was held at Elland Road in his honour, but he was unable to win his personal battle and was found dead in his high-rise flat in Leeds on 29th September 1995, aged fifty-five, although it is thought that he died several days earlier. A number of club officials and ex-players attended Albert's funeral at Lawnswood Cemetary in Leeds and probably reflected how the sporting limelight can some years afterwards leave our heroes struggling alone with alienation.

League 169/248
F.A. Cup 145
League Cup 86
Europe 5/18



Monday 02 October 1995

Albert Johanneson was the first black footballer to achieve true prominence in the English professional game. Others before him, such as Roy Brown, of Stoke City, and Doncaster Rovers' Charlie Williams (who became better known as a comedian), enjoyed worthy careers just after the Second World War, but the personable South African's dashing exploits with Leeds United in the 1960s gave him a far higher public profile.

Johanneson was a left winger whose explosive pace, bewitching sidestep and knack of scoring goals made him one of the most effective early contributors to the revival at Elland Road inspired by Don Revie.

Having been recommended to the then Second Division club by a teacher in his home town of Johannesburg, the 21-year-old Johanneson impressed on a three-months trial with Leeds, and then became one of Revie's first signings in April 1961. Conditioned by a life of rigid apartheid, Johanneson was understandably unsure of himself initially, not even knowing if he was allowed to join his white colleagues in the team bath. They responded by stripping him of his kit and plunging him in; a rough-and-ready welcome but a warm one which he appreciated.

Thereafter, Johanneson settled well both on and off the pitch, winning promotion to the senior side, and became a favourite with the Elland Road fans. They, like the vast majority of other supporters, judged him purely on his merits as a footballer, and he stood out as one of the few entertainers in an essentially dour team. Incidents of racism were extremely rare, though on one occasion he complained that an Everton defender, whom he didn't name, had called him a "black bastard" during the heat of a particularly bitter match. Revie's advice was to "call him a white bastard back."

Johanneson distinguished himself in the latter stages of Leeds's successful battle against relegation in 1961-62, then became firmly established in the side and was the joint top scorer with 13 League goals as they won the Second Division championship two years later.

He was especially effective in tandem with the club's skipper, Bobby Collins. As the effervescent little Scottish schemer put it: "Albert could fly and I could put the ball on the spot for him. When he was in his stride there weren't many who could catch him."

Johanneson's performing peak came, perhaps, in 1964-65, when the newly promoted Leeds were pipped for the title only on goal average by Manchester United, then lost the FA Cup Final to Liverpool. In retrospect, that Wembley defeat - Johanneson was the first black player to appear in a final, but made disappointingly little impact - marked something of a watershed in his career. It was as though his self-belief, always rather fragile, had taken a severe knock and he was never quite the same again.

Soon after that he lost his place to the England international Mike O'Grady, and then became increasingly peripheral through a combination of niggling injuries and the rise of the brilliant Eddie Gray. Accordingly, Johanneson was no more than a bit player as Revie's Leeds matured into a mighty footballing force and it was no surprise when he left to join York City, of the Fourth Division, in the summer of 1970. Though in his 31st year, he had much to offer the Minster men and in his one full season at Bootham Crescent, he helped them gain promotion. He continued to be dogged by fitness problems, however, and retired in 1971.

In the years that followed, Johanneson fell on hard times and his health suffered as he became dependent on alcohol. A gentle fellow, he had been popular with his team-mates, some of whom attempted to help him over his difficulties.

Poignantly, though, he died alone in a tiny council flat in a Leeds tower block, aged only 55, and had reportedly been dead for several days before his body was discovered. It was a pitiful end for a man who, in his pomp, had thrilled huge crowds and earned their affection.

Ivan Ponting

Albert Johanneson, footballer; born Johannesburg 12 March 1940; played for Leeds United 1961-70, York City 1970-71; died Leeds c24 September 1995.

(David Tomlinson of Mighty Mighty Whites)

Albert Johanneson - The Black Flash Albert Johanneson ... "an uninhibited, natural artist, who could be relied on to attempt the unexpected"

Rick Broadbent from Looking For Eric: "In a quieter part of West Yorkshire is Lawnswood Cemetery ... The man in the office is incongruously cheerful and wears a bright orange tie ... 'You want to see Albert ... We get quite a few people wanting to see him' ... He leaves me in peace and I kneel before the mottled grey monument to Albert Johanneson. There is part of a poem by the writer, actress and civil rights activist Maya Angelou inscribed in black on the stone. It is a poignant and apt epitaph: Out of the huts of history's shame I rise Up from a past that's rooted in pain I rise I'm a black ocean, leaping and wide Welling and swelling I bear in the tide Bringing the gifts that my ancestors gave I am the dream and the hope of the slave I rise I rise I rise

"A couple of lines have been omitted: 'Leaving behind nights of terror and fear, I rise into a daybreak that's wondrously clear.' Maybe they would have hurt too much, as the nights of terror and fear ultimately proved too numerous for Johanneson to bear ... It is part of history's shame that Johanneson, the flying winger for Leeds in the 1960s, a South African who brought numerous gifts to the British game, ended up a slave to his depression. The black ocean had drowned himself in booze and drugs."

There are countless examples of gifted young players who failed to build on the potential of their early days, hapless victims of their own, innate Achilles' heel. Fame is a spiteful suitor for those without the good sense to look beyond its surface sheen. Few stories, however, can quite match the tragic undertones of that of Albert Johanneson, whose spectacular skills lit up the British game with Leeds United, the Great Unloved. He sank without trace just as the star of Don Revie's Whites soared ever higher in football's firmament.

It's a heart-rending story, one of the saddest in United's roller coaster history, but it's essential in any story about Albert Johanneson that one differentiates fact from fiction. Lazy journalism makes it all too easy for the two to get mingled, with gossip repeated so many times that it ends up becoming the accepted 'truth'.

When Johanneson's daughter, Alicia, read the first version of this document, she was moved to write: "Some of what you have posted is true, while some of it is not." She pleaded for me to "stop perpetuating the myth/lie that no one knows the whereabouts of Albert's family ... Those who needed to know are aware that we went to live in Jamaica for many years, and are now alive and well living in the United States where we continue to revere our now deceased loved one.

"Furthermore, the so-called 'former family home in a desperate Leeds area' was never 'boarded up.' I doubt the people of West Lea Gardens would take kindly to you calling their neighborhood a 'desparate area of Leeds,' and I reiterate that my former home was never boarded up as if it were an abandoned dwelling situated in a ghetto.

"Over the years I have become increasingly sick and tired of reading what I know to be untruths about my father and I would be most grateful if your website would at least make an attempt to begin to set the record straight. The way in which my father's career and life ended were indeed tragic, which you have pointed out, but as you have also stated, he too was a wonderful football player for his day and time.

"If you care at all to frame Albert in the light of his humanity,you may also add that he was indeed a good father and like most mortals living on this earth was a complex and decent human being, the latter quality of which the press is often unwilling to admit, while insistently savouring his unfortunate addiction to alcohol."

Hopefully, this document sets the record straight about one of the greatest footballers who ever played for Leeds United and does Alicia's father justice.

Johanneson was a trailblazer for the black footballer in Britain, a silky, elegant magician, who brought style to a team that was otherwise the epitome of prosaic Northern obduracy. That he should be such a shining beacon in the dark satanic mills of West Yorkshire is a wonder, indeed.

News of his demise prompted this evocative obituary in the New York Times, penned by Rob Hughes: "Albert Johanneson, a delicate craftsman of the wing who thrilled thousands for a decade, died in solitude last week. "His body was found Friday by policemen who entered his tower block flat in Leeds, England. It may have been there for two days but, though Johanneson was only 55, the death certificate will read 'Natural Causes.' That is an official lie. Albert Johanneson, born black in South Africa, was a man, a star, who was born and died a victim of apartheid. "Articulate mainly with a soccer ball at his feet, he moved with quick, wispy control. No one tutored Albert, and few could work out the mechanics, the improvisation nature put into him. Albert could trick most white men he played against. Yet he remained socially subservient to the end. "Discrimination conditioned him. He aspired to nothing more than being a cobbler, a mender of shoes in Johannesburg. And though he was lifted from that by an ability to put boot to ball, the upbringing crippled his self esteem. His social stiffness was more than shyness. His marriage failed ... From time to time, when the Leeds United team he graced held reunions, people tried to invite him. When he could be found, he might promise to turn up, but those were promises diluted by alcohol and methylated spirits. "Johanneson ... was on the threshold of manhood before he dreamed of football. He was recommended to Leeds by an African school teacher who saw him kick a ball for the first time at 18 and marvelled at the uninhibited innocence. "Belief, next to talent, is the sportsman's triumph. Johanneson could not summon it consistently. Some insinuated that he was too timid to impose his flair, but Billy Bremner ... recalled: 'Albert had no confidence. He could play, he was bloody quick, and Bobby Collins could sometimes get him up, get him going. But it was as if Albert couldn't believe it was happening to him, as if he thought a black man wasn't entitled to be famous.' "South African apartheid had its English abettors. There were spectators who bated Johanneson with vile Zulu chants, full-backs who kicked him because they thought black men lacked courage. The stigma stuck to Johanneson. After a series of leg injuries, he slipped down to lower division soccer with York City, and succeeding blacks were branded cowards."

Those who speak fondly of Johanneson are legion. Indeed, it is almost impossible to find anyone who considered him anything other than a shining example of all that is best about humanity. His proponents also denounce as fabrication the pat, easy indictment of cowardice that is so often laid at his door.

Norman Hunter: "He was braver than many people gave him credit for, and had the scars on his legs to prove it. On his day he could skin any full-back, but he lacked the consistency and it was unfortunate that Albert was around at the same time as Eddie Gray. He was one of Don Revie's most promising signings but when Eddie got a grip of his place on the wing, something had to give and Albert found himself in the reserves."

Billy Bremner: "I would like to say what an excellent player he was. He was frightening on the wing and used to turn defenders inside out. He was fast, clever with the footwork, very accurate with crosses, and had a terrific shot. I always thought that he did not get a fair deal from the media because he was black. They were forever on about being the first black player to do this, or the first black player to do that. They completely overlooked the fact that he was a terrific player and deserves recognition as a human being and professional footballer."

Don Fletcher, a United fan from Castleford, on the BBC Radio Leeds site: "In those days I spent most of my school holidays camped out at Elland Road, loaded down with scrapbooks, doing my utmost to get every photo signed by as many players as possible. Some players would only sign one at a time, but not Albert, he would always try to sign a couple at least. Then one day I hit the jackpot. Unfortunately for him, Albert was injured and was excused from training, which was held on the training pitches where the Fullerton car park is now. As he got nearer to me I quickly tried to search through my books for the best photo for him to sign. Upon seeing this, Albert asked how many I had, to which I replied 'quite a few'. Not a problem for Albert, he stood there and signed every one in my book, 11 in total! My memories of Albert Johanneson are those of a warm, kind gentleman who had an exceptional talent, which he displayed on the football pitch. May he continue to rest in peace."

Not for nothing was Albert Johanneson characterised as the Black Flash: he had God given pace and natural skills, including a "bewitching side step". When he was bearing down at speed on a back pedalling full-back, unable to fathom which way he was likely to go with his dazzling sleight of foot, he was a wonder to behold. A lithe, subtle footballer with the natural grace of an African athlete, Johanneson was "blessed with blistering pace, skill on the ball and a terrific shot", according to David Saffer, he "caused havoc for defences with his dazzling runs and crosses from the left flank ... one of the most dangerous wingers around."

Rob Bagchi and Paul Rogerson: "He was a quick, strong runner and a clinical finisher. He ended up with a strike rate of more than one goal in three appearances, a ratio most out and out centre-forwards would consider as satisfactory. For a winger it was sensational. For all the flaws in his game, which became more explicit as the quality of the players around him gradually improved, and the feelings of inadequacy that sabotaged his personal happiness, Albert Johanneson was taken to the Leeds fans' hearts because he lit up Elland Road in its age of austerity and his displays offered a tantalising glimpse of what lay ahead once all the tedious hard work had been done."

Johanneson was a fresh, South African breeze, blowing through the claustrophobia and dark underbelly of West Yorkshire football in the 1960s. At his best, he was an uninhibited, natural artist, who could be relied on to attempt the unexpected. He was an erratic, unpredictable genius, who brought colour and flair to an anonymous combination of triers, lighting up the dark corners of their world. The Black Flash was a unique, magical talent.

Albert Louis Johanneson is generally reported to have been born on 13 March 1940, in Johannesburg, South Africa, although his gravestone indicates 1942, which seems the likelier date. For one who appeared to have a natural aptitude for the game it is amazing that he reportedly didn't kick a ball until he had turned 18. He even claimed that football only inspired apathy in him when he was growing up.

Having found his vocation, Johanneson rapidly made a name for himself with Germiston Coloured School and Germiston Colliers. A school teacher from South Africa's former Transvaal province recognised his talent and recommended him to Second Division Leeds United in the winter of 1960/61 and he was offered a three-month trial at Elland Road.

Part of the reason why Leeds was the preferred option was that they already had one black South African winger on their books; 27-year-old Gerry Francis, also hailing from Johannesburg, was the first black player to turn out for the club. After joining United as an amateur he signed professional forms in July 1957, though it was October 1959 before Francis made his first team debut. He struggled to hold down a place, but he was given an extended run in 1960/61 and his presence at Elland Road made it easier for Johanneson to settle into this new, alien world.

The signing of Francis made news in the game at a time when there were almost no black footballers in Britain. Bagchi and Rogerson: "In his meticulous survey, 'Colouring Over the White Line', Phil Vasili rights the common misconception that the emergence of black footballers in England was a 1970s phenomenon, rehabilitating scores of forgotten pioneers such as Arthur Wharton, Walter Tull and Roy Brown, and movingly recreating their quiet heroism in the face of the country's prevailing xenophobia. Ever since the 1920s, casual racism had consigned generations of black players to the peripheries of the game. There had been some significant breakthroughs, but after 1945 the pre-war trickle of black talent into football had almost died out. In a society under the pressure of persistent discrimination, which still generally regarded black people as, at best, intriguing curiosities, the widescale acceptance of black footballers was still some way off. The boom in Commonwealth immigration had certainly not made much impact in Leeds by the time Gerry Francis arrived from Johannesburg in 1957.

"As Leeds United's first ever black player, Francis' place in the social and cultural history of the club is assured, but his fitful displays on the right wing are far less likely to be remembered. There is no evidence that his career was hampered by prejudice. In common with most other Leeds players, his spell at Elland Road was one long depressing cycle of dazzling display followed by stagnation, dropping down into the reserves, improvement and recall, before the sequence started all over again."

Phil Vasili: "Soon after Steve Mokone (who played for Coventry and Cardiff in the Fifties), Gerry Francis became the second Black South African to be signed by a British club. Born in Johannesburg on 6 December 1933 of African and Asian parents, Gerry Francis was signed by First-Division Leeds United from City and Suburban FC in the summer of 1957. He played fifty games - usually on the wing - over four seasons, scoring nine goals. In 1961 he was transferred to York City of the Fourth Division, where he played sixteen games and scored four goals.

"It was not until 10 October 1959 that Francis made his debut for Leeds against Everton, becoming the first Black South African to play in the First Division and the first man of colour to play for the Elland Road club. However, United were relegated at the end of the season. Described as a 'shoe repairer', the diminutive Francis did not show a clean set of heels to his opposing full-back enough to earn himself a regular first team place. He laboured through four undistinguished seasons at a depressed club which felt sorry for itself, with few personal highlights to lift his confidence. In October 1961 he signed for York City and then, in the close season of 1962, joined Southern League Tonbridge. On retirement from football, Francis initially became a postman, eventually emigrating to Canada where he still lives. In the summer of 1997, along with Steve Mokone, he returned to Britain for a celebratory evening dedicated to the Pioneers of Black British Football, held in Birmingham."

Despite his shyness and lack of confidence, Albert Johanneson impressed the newly appointed United manager, Don Revie. It only required a couple of training sessions for Revie to make his mind up and Johanneson became his first signing for the club. This was despite the South African struggling to cope with the alien conditions of a British winter, as he recalled later: "One Monday in Leeds I did not want to get out of bed because it was so cold. I had a trial and they took me off because it was too cold. I thought I was finished."

Coming from an environment of rigid apartheid, Johanneson was shocked by the expectation that he would share the communal bath with his white colleagues. His new team mates left him in no doubt, stripping him and hurling him into the water. He was similarly apprehensive when a white apprentice was detailed to clean his boots.

Rick Broadbent: "When an Everton player called him a 'black bastard' during a game, Johanneson complained to Revie. His manager's response was, 'Well, call him a white bastard back.' For a personality plagued by self doubt, such a ready dismissal of the racism that was common in the game at the time was hardly helpful."

Phil Vasili: "Within days of signing for Leeds ... Albert 'Hurry, Hurry' Johanneson was making his Division Two debut ... and immediately made an impact.

"Johanneson was 'making good' after arriving at Elland Road from Johannesburg in 1961 with his modest belongings packed in a suitcase. He was given a trial with United on the recommendation of a South African schoolmaster who had spent hour upon hour teaching him the skills of the game until he could control a tennis ball with his bare feet almost as easily as he could walk ... [He] impressed United sufficiently to be taken on as a full time professional after making a fine debut against Swansea Town in April 1961 when he made his mark almost immediately, measuring a centre perfectly for Jack Charlton to ram home a header.

"His superior skills on the training ground 'demoralised' the other players who were consistently 'run into the ground' by the South African."

Johanneson made his first team debut at outside-left in a 2-2 draw at home to Swansea Town on April 8 1961, creating one of Jack Charlton's two goals with a perfect cross. It was later reported that "As his team mates ran towards him to congratulate him, he froze". Paul Eubanks, a Leeds teacher who has fought steadfastly to preserve Johanneson's memory: "Albert came from South Africa where it only meant one thing when white men chased after a black man. I've spoken to people who knew him in the 60s and they say he had a mental block at that point ... He'd play at grounds and there'd be the monkey noises and the bananas, but he was suddenly allowed to go places he hadn't been and talk to people he couldn't even look at before."

Eric Stanger wrote in the Yorkshire Post of Johanneson's debut that he "got off to a most promising start. He has a good left foot, a great body swerve and looked very good when he came infield."

He retained his place for the remaining four matches, including the 7-0 thrashing of Lincoln City, and played the first seven games of the following campaign, though they yielded only five points. On a couple of occasions, Francis was also in the line up, on the opposite flank, exciting media interest, but by October the older man had moved on to York City. Johanneson lost his place to the even younger John Hawksby.

He returned to the team in January to score his first United goal, a penalty in an FA Cup defeat at home to Rotherham, and figured again a fortnight later at home to Newcastle in the League. He then missed out until April 14 when he was recalled for a trip to Walsall with Leeds struggling to avoid relegation. He scored to help United earn a 1-1 draw which lifted them out of the drop zone. Johanneson was a first team regular from that point on.

By now, former Everton midfielder Bobby Collins had arrived to lead United's fight against the drop, and the Scot used his experience to bring the best out of the pacy winger. As Collins said, "Albert could fly and I could put the ball on the spot for him. When he was in his stride there weren't many who could catch him."

Leeds travelled to Newcastle on the final day still requiring a win to confirm safety. Brilliant combination work between Collins and Johanneson secured a superb 3-0 victory. Andrew Mourant described it as "their best performance of the season ... Playing in a stiff wind and on an unyielding pitch, Revie's team struck rare form. Bobby Collins, Willie Bell, playing out of position as an inside-forward, and Albert Johanneson were key figures in a performance of collective discipline. Johanneson's first half goal on 37 minutes, a header from Johanneson's cross by McAdams after 65 minutes and an own goal by Newcastle right-back Bobby Keith ten minutes later, gave Revie deliverance."

The manager hoped to take United to promotion in 1962/63 and in an attempt to bolster their chances he signed John Charles and Jim Storrie to pep up the forward line. The Charles gamble ended in failure and the Welshman was soon on his way back to Italy, but Johanneson rose to new heights, along with the other youngsters who were given their heads that season.

After the opening game of the season against Stoke, Phil Brown wrote in the Evening Post, "Johanneson, a fast and dextrous ball player ...looked and often played like some rising star from Brazil. Before long Asprey was casting quick suspicious glances over his shoulder - even when the ball was elsewhere - as though Johanneson were some angry wasp, not to be trusted."

During the midweek clash with Rotherham it was Johanneson, rather than Charles, who was entrusted with the penalty that Leeds were awarded. He slotted it away coolly, though Rotherham won the game, 4-3. Eric Stanger remarked that "the brightest features were the hard working displays of Collins and Johanneson".

The winger missed another penalty in the following game, at home to Sunderland, but Leeds secured a 1-0 win, with Billy Bremner scoring from a Johanneson cross. Richard Ulyatt in the Yorkshire Post: "The policy behind allowing Johanneson to take the penalty seems another example of the confused, or involved, thinking to which United are prone. True, Johanneson scored from a penalty earlier in the week. But he is the least experienced member of the team, indeed, he is not yet established in it and his form on Saturday raised doubts as to whether he will improve on early promise."

Phil Brown was more positive in the Evening Post: "On the brighter side of things there is the great advance of 21-year-old Albert Johanneson. Albert is the first to admit he has something to learn yet, but he is learning, and he has plenty of natural gifts to help him. When did you last see a winger stop in full stride so shatteringly?"

He was fast becoming a key player and scored twice when United beat Chelsea after going down to ten men on 15 September. The first was a beauty, according to Phil Brown: "Charles brought the ball up from halfway, Peyton swept in to join him going left and passed out to the left winger. He dodged round three desperate tacklers like an eel and coming up to his near post popped the ball gently past Bonetti."

W Ian Guild in the Yorkshire Post: "The man who brought the crowd to their feet was Johanneson, scorer of both goals, and the first United player I have seen applauded by his team mates as he trotted to the dressing room."

Johanneson's total of 14 goals in League and Cup was the best ever by a United winger and was bettered only by Jim Storrie that season.

He went even better in 1963/64, top scoring with 15, as United captured the Second Division title.

The Times praised him thus in November after a draw with promotion rivals Charlton: "He showed all the flair and loose limbed speed for the game ... High of action, he moved with supple grace, his feet scarcely touching the ground as if it were hot coal."

Johnny Giles: "At that time I believed Johanneson would become one of the game's outstanding personalities. He scored one of the finest goals I have ever seen towards the end of that season in Leeds' vital Easter fixture against Newcastle at Elland Road ... an unbelievable effort which left the Newcastle defenders spellbound. Albert was surrounded by three Newcastle players as he brought down a long pass through the middle and it looked certain that he would be forced away from goal. Yet in the space of no more than five yards he sidestepped them all, one after another, and then coolly slipped the ball past the goalkeeper as he came off his line!"

Rob Bagchi and Paul Rogerson: "It was unfortunate that Leeds should lose Jim Storrie to injury after only nine games of the season, since his absence tended to make their game one dimensional. They became over reliant on Albert Johanneson, who had his finest ever season, even with all the physical and racial abuse meted out by Neanderthal full-backs terrified by his turn of foot. Don Weston deputised for Storrie for most of the first half of the season but, like Johanneson, his game was based on speed. He matched Albert's strike rate, but these two sprinters, often playing at breakneck pace, at the very edge of their capability, were as liable to make elementary blunders as torment the opposing team. Thirteen goals apiece were perfectly satisfactory for support players but hardly compensated for the loss of Storrie's productiveness. Similarly, their styles necessitated a higher tempo; they would receive the ball, dribble with it, pass, cross or shoot it in a matter of seconds, whereas Storrie had the strength and canniness to lead the line in the conventional way, playing with his back to goal, holding the ball up and inviting the midfield to influence the shape of the attack."

He remained the fans' favourite, as reported by Bill Mallinson in the Evening Post: "Johanneson received a special encouraging cheer whenever United tried to get him into action ... If he showed the same front of goal steadiness more often, his already considerable fan club at Elland Road would rapidly grow ... Johanneson has the speed and ability to perplex the majority of opposing full-backs, and he has been in Second Division football long enough for United to hope that the time is not far off when he will add the front-of-goal temperament which is all he needs to become as deadly a menace as Southampton's international right wingman Terry Paine ... From the throw in United worked the ball out to Johanneson, who moved infield with a splendid dribble. His way was barred by three Argyle defenders, but he foxed the lot of them with a clever change of direction before driving a beautiful right foot shot just inside McLaren's right hand post with the goalkeeper groping helplessly. It was a splendid goal, and no wonder the United supporters began to chant 'Albert! Albert!'."

Following United's title triumph, Johanneson spent the summer back in South Africa for the first time in three years. Refreshed by the break, he rose to the challenge of top flight football in 1964/65; he was outstanding as Leeds ended the season runners up in League and Cup.

He got the club's first goal of the campaign, equalising against Aston Villa on the opening day before Jack Charlton snatched the winner. Phil Brown claimed in the Yorkshire Evening Post afterwards that Johanneson "settled down to his game probably faster than anybody on the field. He was tormenting Villa with his tricky running very quickly, and took his goal coolly from a fiery rebound of a vicious drive by Weston off goalkeeper Sidebottom."

The Black Flash went from strength to strength, stringing together a series of outstanding displays. The Yorkshire Post noted that he "has so grown in confidence these days that he is now racing into the gaps and calling for the ball."

The FA Cup semi final against Manchester United saw Nobby Stiles kick Johanneson out of the game, hammering him viciously early on and then pressing home his advantage thereafter. The damage kept the winger out of the replay.

Nevertheless, he had enjoyed a wonderful season, with the Times describing him as "the colourful, popular, Johanneson from Johannesburg, whose gazelle like speed down the wing draws the crowds down the terraces, an exciting player in the mould of some dusky Brazilian."

The Wembley Cup final against Liverpool should have been the opportunity to showcase his talents, but it was a game to forget for the South African, though he would never be allowed to consign it to memory. He was the first black player to feature in the Cup final, but just as historically renowned as the potential match winner who froze on the biggest stage of all, a virtual passenger as United struggled to make any sort of mark, losing 2-1. He had hurt an ankle in a draw at Birmingham earlier in the week but his problems seemed to be more mental than physical that day.

Phil Vasili: "Fellow players recognised that Albert came in for special treatment. Even Jack Charlton, a prize graduate of the hit 'em and knock 'em high school of defending, remembers Albert being assaulted. '[He] was fouled with a tackle which would have enraged anyone.' A friend of Albert's, Guy McKenzie, reflected in 1995 on how his late friend became a target for the hard men in opposition defences; and how Jack Charlton and Billy Bremner took it upon themselves to become Johanneson's on field minders. The roughing up of creative players by defensive destroyers was a common practice in the 60s, when the bruisers were allowed to play with a level of violence that Charlton Heston and the National Rifle Association would have been proud of. Then, the two-footed lunge from behind was a legitimate weapon in a defender's armoury. With Albert usually the only black man on the field, and with a manager usually insensitive to the issue of racial abuse, such battles were often faced and felt alone. Back over the other side of the white line - in the changing room, front room or high street - there were little or no support structures available to galvanise a battered confidence. To play well steels the soul against such abuse, to play badly weakens that protection."

Johanneson was never the same player from that point on. He returned to his native South Africa for a summer break to recharge his batteries, but then missed most of the following campaign with injuries, first to the ankle and then thigh. He was supplanted by Mike O'Grady, newly signed from Huddersfield.

He did return in time to play in both legs of the Fairs Cup semi final against Real Zaragoza. After 15 minutes of the first leg in Spain, Johanneson was left with only the goalkeeper to beat, but pulled his shot wide. He did get on the score sheet in the second leg at Elland Road, opening the scoring from close range in the 22nd minute from a headed pass from Jack Charlton. He later repaid the favour, creating a goal for Charlton after retrieving a ball that had looked certain to go out of play. He missed the replay through injury as United were hammered 3-1.

By now he was regularly handicapped by leg injuries. The game's hard men had sussed out that he was intimidated by heavy challenges and rarely spared the rod. United general manager Alan Roberts: "I remember what happened to him against Tottenham at Elland Road. Cyril Knowles was marking him. Albert was very quick and very skilful but he was a timid sort of a man. Quiet, meek, unassuming. Well, Cyril gave him a hell of a whack in the first five minutes and it put him right off his game."

The 1966/67 season was ruined for Johanneson by niggling injuries. He missed the opening game against Tottenham and though he was back for the following match, against West Bromwich Albion, Eric Stanger commented, "The return of Johanneson was scarcely a triumph." He laid on a goal in the defeat of Manchester United, but was then dropped.

Johanneson drifted in and out of contention thereafter, though he managed seven goals in 22 League games. His form veered haphazardly from the sublime to the ridiculous. Terry Lofthouse in the Yorkshire Post after the League Cup victory over Newcastle in September: "Johanneson certainly had more fire in his play. But he still has that frustrating tendency to cross the ball too close to the keeper instead of pulling it back to give his forwards a chance." Eric Stanger later described him as "irritatingly erratic".

Nevertheless, he managed a hat trick in the 5-1 rout of DWS Amsterdam in the Fairs Cup after scoring one of United's three in Amsterdam. Stanger: "Johanneson got the first two goals ... with fine artistry. First he crowned a neat move between Hunter and Madeley and went through the Dutch defence like a dancing master. Then he was in the right spot at the right time to take Greenhoff's through pass and score with calculated deliberation. The crowd rose to him and booed when the South African was denied his chance of a hat trick by not being allowed to take a penalty five minutes before half time ... A fifth goal did come when Johanneson's shot hit Cornwall's leg on the way and the ball was diverted past Schrijvers."

He was limited to 8 starts and one League appearance off the bench in 1967/68, though again he managed a European hat trick in the 7-0 thrashing of Spora Luxembourg. He remained as popular as ever with the United fans; the Guardian's Paul Fitzpatrick noted in his report of the Fairs Cup-tie with Partizan Belgrade, "Johanneson, a firm favourite with the Leeds supporters, was given a cheer when he took the field at the start of the second half." Similarly, after the 7-0 defeat of Chelsea in October, the Evening Post's Phil Brown remarked, "Johanneson sent his fans almost delirious by nimbly notching the first with his head (an event in itself for Albert) in five minutes".

He damaged knee ligaments shortly afterwards, though he returned for some more magic moments. After he netted two in the 3-1 defeat of Burnley in January 1968, Richard Ulyatt offered this praise in the Yorkshire Post: "Leeds' greatest source of satisfaction must have come from the display of the wingers, O'Grady and Johanneson. As those of us who know who have watched the team closely, Johanneson has improved greatly in the last two years in judgement and confidence. Allied to his great skill, those two assets now make him one of the best left wingers in the game. His two second half goals were the result of opportunism and accuracy."

Despite that praise, Eddie Gray's emergence had pushed Johanneson down the pecking order, and with Mike O'Grady monopolising the right flank Johanneson managed a solitary League appearance during the championship campaign that followed. That was when he came off the bench during the 2-0 defeat of Stoke City in August, though he netted one of the goals. He also scored in both of his games in domestic Cup competitions, in the FA Cup third round defeat to Sheffield Wednesday and again in the League Cup victory against Bristol City. His goal against Wednesday was a memorable effort, hammered through a packed area after a poor punch by keeper Springett.

United put Johanneson on the transfer list in June 1969, promising to release him if anyone met the modest asking price. The club agreed terms with Bury, but the winger turned the move down. There were rumours that he would join Brighton, managed by former Leeds team mate Freddie Goodwin, but nothing came of the speculation.

The 1969/70 season was to be Johanneson's swansong for United and he was limited to just two games in the final few weeks; in the second he was completely overshadowed by the man who had made the No 11 shirt his own, Eddie Gray. The Scot scored two of the most wonderful goals in United's history, the second after jinking his way across a packed Burnley area to score a wonderful individual goal. It was symbolic that Johanneson could only watch in awe, writhing in pain after a heavy tackle, as the young pretender demonstrated the sort of confidence that had sapped from the South African's own play.

Johanneson was transfer listed again at the beginning of May 1970. This time he did secure a deal with Fourth Division York City coming in for him. In his nine years at Elland Road, he had scored 76 goals in 200 appearances in all competitions.

Johanneson demonstrated he still had something to offer, though he continued to be dogged by injuries and fitness problems. He was limited to 26 League games, scoring three times as the Minstermen won promotion. A key factor was the 26 goals scored by centre-forward Paul Aimson, who owed much to Johanneson's service from the flank.

York also enjoyed a decent FA Cup run, reaching the fourth round before going out after a replay to First Division Southampton. With three minutes remaining in the first game at Bootham Crescent, they were 3-1 down but then scored twice to earn a 3-3 draw and came close to doing the same in the replay at the Dell.

With seven minutes to go, Johanneson scored to make it 3-2, calmly chipping the ball over two Southampton men on the line, but the Saints held out for the win. According to Norman Fox in the Times, Johanneson's "designs were often brought to unglamorous endings but at worst he was more entertaining than much of the football".

Sadly that was one of the final moments of glory for the Black Flash. Injury prevented him kicking a ball in anger at all in 1971/72 as York City avoided relegation on goal average alone. Johanneson was made available on a free transfer in May 1972, but when there were no takers, he decided to retire as his injury problems persisted.

With his playing days over and time weighing heavy on his hands, Johanneson was preoccupied by his fall from grace. He drifted into alcoholism and his wife and two children left him to live in America. He admitted that he had driven them away: "I was a bastard, I couldn't handle the game. I've got nothing."

Many of his former colleagues tried to rescue him from his decline. Peter Lorimer: "We tried to help him. We wanted to get him to join the (former players') association but it was no good. Albert would just go missing."

Eddie Gray: "One of the first signs of his reliance on drink had come in a match against Stoke in the 1966/67 season. Don Revie always kept a bottle of whisky in the dressing room for Bobby Collins, who had long been in the habit of taking a small swig of the hard stuff before a match as a kind of psychological performance booster. Albert, who was substituted at half time in that match and remained in the dressing room when we went out for the second half, got his hands on it. By the time we came back into the dressing room after the match, he had drunk the rest of the bottle and was comatose.

"When I was Leeds manager, he would sometimes come to visit me at the ground. He would tell me that he wanted to start training again, but could not afford to buy any boots. I would give him all the equipment he needed, but I always knew that he really wanted it so that he could sell it and use the money to buy drink.

"It was not difficult to be moved by the story of Albert's decline. One day when Linda came to pick me up at the ground and we spotted Albert by the main entrance, we gave him a lift into town. During the journey, Albert talked about all the things that had gone wrong in his life. I'd heard it so many times that I had become emotionally immune to it, but it had a big effect on Linda. By the time Albert left us, tears were rolling down her cheeks like a waterfall."

Phil Vasili: "Journalist Luke Alfred, visiting a yellowing, decrepit and deprived Johanneson in 1992, was alarmed to find a man who still believed better times were ahead. He even had an agent, David Robinson, who promised to carve and fashion that bright future. Unfortunately agent Robinson's greatest ability seemed to be in convincing Albert that what came out of his - Robinson's - mouth was not bullshit but realisable hope. Attempts were made to help Albert, most notably by former colleague Peter Lorimer, but it was too late. Robinson's promise of a brighter dawn never broke. But Albert's spirit did."

His alcoholism left him in dire straits; he tried to get into St George's Crypt one night but was turned away and ended up sleeping in a railway station. A Leeds supporter who worked at the Griffin Hotel recognised him and used to let him sleep on a bench in the TV lounge of the hotel. He later moved in with his brother, Trevor (who suffered from similar problems).

In 1992, his nephew, Hepburn Graham Junior, an actor, met up with Johanneson while he was appearing at the West Yorkshire Playhouse. Hepburn was apparently horrified at Johanneson's physical and mental condition and persuaded him to book into a detoxification clinic in Middlesex.

Tragically, there was to be no recovery and Johanneson was found dead in a tiny council flat in a tower block in Gledhow in September 1995, aged just 53. It was thought that a bout of meningitis had been the cause.

He was buried on 9 October at Lawnswood Cemetery in Leeds. More than 100 mourners attended the funeral, including his daughters and a number of former team mates. But that wasn't the end of the story.

A few months later, Paul Eubanks, a teacher at Bracken Edge Primary School, Chapeltown, was working with children on a photography project to celebrate the city's Euro 96 sporting events. Bracken Edge was just one of a handful of schools working on the project, called the Art of Football, inspired by Eubanks' suggestion of paying a tribute to Johanneson. The event was an incredible success and Eubanks persuaded the FA to allow the FA Cup to be used in the display. He also arranged for the First Secretary Political from the South African High Commission, Beston Banda, to open the exhibition and lay a wreath at Johanneson's grave. Sheffield Wednesday forward Mark Bright was also in attendance at the exhibition.

Eubanks was a lifelong fan of Johanneson, the admiration sparked by his late father, Lionel George Eubanks, who died in 2008. Eubanks: "He was the reason for all this. He came from Jamaica in 1955 and within years had found another love other than cricket - Leeds United. In 1965, when I was seven, he took me to Elland Road to an Inter Cities Fairs Cup game and it was there that I saw Albert for the very first time, an image that stayed with me. After that I was a regular at games with my dad and what you have to remember is that there were hardly any black supporters then, and there were dad and I, 'two black specks in a sea of white.' He was my first hero at a time when there were hardly any black role models around."

Eubanks attended Johanneson's funeral and has since been involved in a number of documentaries about him and talked about him at a number of anti-racism conferences held in Europe.

It was agreed that Banda would open the exhibition, take a tour of Elland Road and lay a wreath on Johanneson's grave. Eubanks visited the cemetery a few days before the visit to make sure all was in order, but couldn't find the grave. Eubanks: "When I asked for help, an attendant showed me, but The Black Flash in happy daysthere was nothing there to say whose grave it was. I was heartbroken. There was just a number."

The story was featured in the Yorkshire Evening Post. When Leeds United chairman Leslie Silver heard the news, he paid for an emergency wooden cross and plaque to be placed at the plot hours before Banda arrived.

Johanneson's daughter Alicia takes up the story: "While my sister, Yvonne, and I were in Leeds attending my father's funeral we arranged with Leeds United to have the headstone that currently marks his grave made and inscribed with the Maya Angelou poem, which we chose to put on it knowing from whence our father came and what he achieved in his short football playing career. The club paid for the headstone to be made, and ensured that it was placed on the grave once completed."

It was a sad way for any man to end his life, in absolute keeping with the tragic denouement that Johanneson experienced in his latter years, but at least there is a fitting monument to his memory.

Far better to remember Albert Johanneson for all the good times, to recall him for the glorious memories that he provided for all who followed Leeds United in the 1960s: the Black Flash was a spectacular and exceptional talent in a team for whom the word 'dour' could easily have been coined.

David Callaghan reflects on the erratic career and troubled life of Leeds' South African winger of the 1960s, who died last month.

Albert Johanneson

Albert Johanneson was something of a football enigma. He first joined Leeds United from South Africa in 1961 but soon found himself competing with the talented Scot Eddie Gray - and out-and-out winger of rare quality. With such talented opposition, Albert's appearances in the Leeds first team were strictly limited.However, when news of his death reached Elland Road at the end of last month, many spoke with fondness of only the second black footballer - Gerry Francis was the first - to pull on the famous white shirt.

The story of Albert Johanneson is tinged with sadness. As a player he showed occasional flashes of brilliance and as a natural, pacy winger he soon became a favourite with many fans. He played at Leeds for nine years, making 197 appearances and scoring 67 goals, including two hat-tricks in European games.

In 1970 he made the short journey from Leeds to York City but only played a handful of games before retiring.

Upon leaving the game, the good life soon disappeared for Albert. He lived in squalor with his brother Trevor and struggled against alcholism. Towards the end of his life Johanneson had little to remember of the glory days of his soccer career. His marriage had broken up, he had little or no money and at the age of 53 he was found dead in a flat in a tower block in Leeds.

But older Leeds fans will remember the flying winger in happier times. Those who played with him still talk about the days when Albert was on song.

Peter Lorimer, who made over 650 appearances for United, was one who admired the silky skills of the South African. "Albert could be the scourge of defences but he never quite fulfilled his potential. He could still be a joy to watch and to play with. As a person he'll be sadly missed."

Others talk of Johanneson's difficulty in making it to the big time. There are stories that say he was happiest when playing with Leeds in the Second Division and that he sometimes struggled to express himself at a higher level.

Norman Hunter joined Leeds a year after the South African and was a pillar of the defence for many years afterwards. He recalls tales of Albert and believes he was unlucky to be around when Leeds had so many top-notch players. "On his day he could skin any full-back, but he lacked the consistency and it was unfortunate that Albert was around at the same time as Eddie Gray. He was one of Don Revie's most promising signings but when Eddie got a grip of his place on the wing, something had to give and Albert found himself in the reserves."

Those who saw Albert Johanneson in later years were shocked at his decline. There is a story that George Best met up with him in Leeds in a chance encounter and even though the Irishman was no stanger to the demon drink, he was still shocked to see the effect it had taken on the first non-white footballer to make an impact on the game in England in the 1960s.

Best remembered albert as a nice man with a lot of skill and others in the game have emphasised that with a little extra confidence he could have become a great player rather than a good one.

The Albert Johanneson story is one of a fallen sporting hero whose plight shocked many at Leeds United and around the football world. But many supporters will remember those games when he sparkled, and Norman Hunter is quick to dismiss the theory that he was unable to cope with stick from the opposing defenders. "He was braver than many people gave him credit for and had the scars on his legs to prove it."

A number of club officials and ex-players attended Albert's funeral at Lawnswood Cemetary in Leeds and probably reflected how the sporting limelight can some years afterwards leave our heros struggling alone with alienation.

Brad Morgan

Johanneson: a star with Leeds United

Long before Lucas Radebe made his mark at Leeds United, becoming "The Chief" in the club's central defence, there was another South African who served the club with distinction. Albert Johanneson was a left wing who represented the All Whites in 200 matches in the 1960s, netting 68 times.

He helped the club climb out of the Second Division and, in 1965, became the first black man to play in an FA Cup final.

Being a black man meant Johanneson had to deal with plenty of pressure when he played for Leeds. He was often the target of racist insults, and the great George Best said of him: "Albert was quite a brave man to actually go on the pitch in the first place, wasn't he? And he went out and did it.

"He had a lot of skill. A nice man as well … which is, I suppose, the more important thing, isn't it? More important than anything."

From Germiston to Leeds

Considered something of an enigma, Johanneson first joined Leeds in 1961. He was recommended to the club by a teacher in South Africa's former Transvaal province, who had seen him in action for Germiston Coloured School and Germiston Colliers. After a three-month trial, the English club snapped him up.

While he served the club well, Johanneson's impact could have been greater had he not been pitted against Eddie Gray for a place in the team; the Scotsman was regarded as one of the better players in the club's history.

Johanneson had the ability, on his day, to turn opposing defences inside out, but he struggled somewhat to maintain consistency. Nonetheless, his goal scoring record was an envious one. He possessed excellent pace and he, for Leeds supporters at least, became a fan favourite.

'Come on, Albert'

One former fan, writing on an Internet message board, had this to say about Johanneson: "Every time he got the ball we all shouted, 'Come on, Albert'. I don't recall any particular incident in a match, but he was very nippy and could beat a defender with his turns and speed."

According to Peter Lorimer, who played over 650 games for Leeds: "Albert could be the scourge of defences, but he never quite fulfilled his potential".

Another source echoes this sentiment: "Best remembered Albert as a nice man with a lot of skill, and others in the game have emphasised that with a little extra confidence he could have become a great player rather than a good one." Leading Leeds' revival

Despite his lack of consistency, and at times of confidence, Johanneson helped lead a Leeds revival in the 1960s, contributing to the club's climb out of the English Second Division. In 1964, when the club earned promotion to the First Division, Johanneson was the team's joint top scorer.

While with Leeds, he played under the club's legendary manager Don Revie, who led the side to two First Division titles, a League Cup, an FA Cup and two Fairs Cups.

Johanneson was part of the team that faced Liverpool in the 1965 FA Cup final, going down 2-1 in extra time. His appearance marked the first time a black man had appeared in the final of the prestigious knockout cup.

Scars and demons

The pressure of playing for Leeds, and the abuse he had to contend with as a black man, took their toll on Johanneson.

"He was braver than many people gave him credit for, and had the scars on his legs to prove it," said Norman Hunter, former Leeds star and England central defender.

But the scars weren't only physical. Johanneson turned to drink to cope with his demons.

He underwent treatment for alcoholism a number of times, but in the end it proved too big a barrier for him to overcome. It cost him his family - who moved out in the 1970s - and ultimately cost him his life: he died in a rundown flat in Leeds in September 1995, aged 53.

"Albert was quite a brave man to actually go on the pitch in the first place, wasn't he? And he went out and did it. He had a lot of skill. A nice man as well…which is, I suppose, the more important thing, isn't it? More important than anything." (George Best)

(The Black Flash - Albert Louis Johanneson)

The Black Flash - Albert Louis Johanneson

It's January 1961, a school teacher recommends for trial to Leeds United AFC, a 21 year old black South African boy from Germiston, Johannesburg. Albert Louis Johanneson, better known as 'Louis' to his friends, seizes the opportunity to change his life, his world and history.

The Yorkshire city of Leeds was in the grip of a freezing cold winter when young Albert Johanneson arrived at Leeds railway station, accompanied by staff from the club, he stepped from the train walked along the concourse and out of the station to a waiting car which was parked by the Queens Hotel.

"I was shocked, stunned and a little frightened, people were so polite to me, smiling at me and engaging me in conversation onthe train. They asked why I was over in England, I explained that I had come for work which raised a few eyebrows. I could see some people thinking that I had a cheek, leaving South Africa and coming to England to take their jobs. When I explained that I had come over for trials with Leeds United, it seemed to change perceptions and opinions, and suddenly I was wished every success."

"At Leeds railway station when the car collected us the driver got out and opened the door for me to get in. It was incredible really. In South Africa, as a black man, I wasn't able to speak or look at a white person, now here I was, Albert Johanneson, being treated as an equal. As if that wasn't confusing enough, the weather completely threw me! I had never before seen snow, let alone ice on the ground. This was a whole new world for me, a new start, a new opportunity, a chance to make something of my life. I desperately wanted to succeed and do well not only for, but for everyone back in South Africa. I fell in love with Leeds United, unfortunately, it was an unrequited love. Looking back I meant nothing to the club, I was a black footballer in a predominantly white footballers game."

"People say I couldn't handle the pressure of British football, such people have no understanding of what 'real pressure' is, try being called 'gorilla man' by policemen, or being refused entry into a restaurant because you are black and will frighten off white customers. Thats the kind of thing I had to deal with virtually every day of my life in England, it gets to you, it impacts on every moment of your waking life. So who could I turn to for help, guidance, support, the manager of Leeds United? I tried him, he laughed at me and told me toughen up or get back to South Africa with 'my own kind.' Genuine pressure isn't playing football or running a pub or being a freeloader because of your status in a city, its much more serious, its about constantly living in fear of attack, making life or death decisions, protecting families, caring for people."

"For me, my life in English football was a constant battle against race discrimination, racist abuse, racist violence, alienation and being constantly made to feel different. I had to deal with every aspect of that on my own, as well as trying to forge a decent career for myself in football. I like to think I achieved some good in football and at Leeds United, but could I honestly say that as a black footballer I was welcomed and accepted as an equal in the game or in this country? No I could not. I don't blame anyone for that, it is down to ill education of the masses and perceptions and propaganda created by influential people, policemen, politicians and the government - that black people are inferior, its now 1995 and that terrible attitude still exists in football and across the world. Nothing has changed."

The book, The Black Flash- The Albert Johanneson story charts for the first time, in Albert's own words the astonishing story of a man who came, who saw and conquered. Then in the typically British manner of knocking successful people off pedestals, he suffered, as he fell from football favour and became victim of some disgraceful racial abuse within the game and the media, and away from it, in his personal life. A hugely private man who maintained a passion for his family, he received little or no support from within the game other than from a handful of his Leeds United colleagues. Albert became a scapegoat and was often referred to as 'a black man who cannot cope with the pressure of the English game,' he was used then abandoned by professional football and with no one to turn to for help, he struggled, all because of the colour of his skin...

The Search for the real Albert Johanneson

In order to achieve and complete this book, I have travelled the globe in search of the real Albert Johanneson, not the mythical representation that has been etched in the pages of football books and history. Albert was much more than a black footballer, he was human being with a dream, a man, husband, father who was strong enough to follow his dream and fight adversity. For all too long, Albert Johanneson has remained the 'forgotten hero' of the great Leeds United team of the 1960's and of football in general. As a young man from South Africa, he followed his dream, to make a good life for himself and his family. As a footballer, he remains an inspiration to generations of black footballers who have migrated to British shores and elsewhere across the world. Albert had no idea of the positive impact his efforts would have on the world of football. His early life in South Africa wasn't an easy one, apartheid was painful, causing hurt, suffering, death. Albert Johanneson witnessed it all.

How relieved he must have felt on his arrival in what was classed as a civilised country, England. A place where apartheid did not exist, a place where communities were apparently better educated, and law and order was influenced by Acts of Parliament, and not indiscriminately. Unfortunately, England at this time was not as civilised as many claim or he believed. Racial abuse was rife, persecution of non-whites may not have led to violent deaths as it did in South Africa, yet it did cause major social unrest and cause rifts within so called 'tight communities.' Black people migrating to England were openly subject to abuse, called offensive names and all to often were physically attacked. This is the England where the young black South African footballer Albert Johanneson arrived. It was the place where he was to be tormented for the rest of his playing days and beyond.

Despite everything and without the support of football or his manager, Albert struggled on and despite being on the receiving end of daily abuse, he achieved a great deal of success. He was influential in bringing success to Leeds United and arousing positive interest in the football club and city. The racism he endured enveloped him, it came from every direction, on the pitch, opponents physically and verbally attacked him, it came from the terraces, it seemingly came from within the football club, it came from society. Albert had nowhere to turn, nobody to support him, he was virtually abandoned by football and so his football career and domestic life was consumed by discrimination. Eventually, Albert left Leeds United, but was he forced or pushed? Or did he leave of his own volition?

'The Black Flash' provides what can only be described as an 'eye opening' account of his life, how he was treated and his innermost thoughts on those he and countless others still feel could have done more to help him. As a result of decades of misreporting and poor journalism, Albert has been misrepresented and is solely remembered for being the first black player to feature in a Wembley FA Cup Final, yet there is so much more to Albert's life and career. He was the first footballer to voluntarily go out into schools and help train youngsters, he remains the only Leeds United footballer to ever score two European hat-tricks, he was a strong, brave and courageous man, who was ultimately failed by people who should have known better and importantly, by an ill educated society who believe the words and fight the causes of some politicians.

Now, its 2012, and we told that community cohesion, racial integration or whatever the political buzz word or phrase may be, is a successful part of English society. We are all equals and apparently, are treated as such. Albert suffered greatly in the belief that he was making a positive difference to football and of cultural perceptions. What then would Albert Johanneson make of the proven continuation of racial abuse in professional football? Black footballers are still maligned by fans, fellow players and by many people involved in the administration of football globally. Nothing has changed since Albert's day, the racial abuse remains extant, the only difference being, because of intensity of media coverage of the game, it is now administered in a more discreet manner. What is more, we now have highly paid professional football people suffering from depression and being provided every element of support. That support was non existent for Albert Johanneson, he had to suffer in silence, if he spoke out, he was chastised or ignored, or dropped from football favour.

Albert Johanneson deserves greater recognition for his achievements, The Black Flash will lay the foundation for a greater understanding of racial abuse in football. And despite what the police and football authorities try to tell us, racism in football remains a huge problem, nothing has changed since Albert first set foot on the Elland Road pitch in April 1961. Now is the time to change that. As will be seen, Albert Johanneson deserved better.

What they said about The Black Flash...

Pele - "A trailblazer and inspiration to black footballers across the world."

Eusebio - "Generations of black footballers should look to Albert Johanneson and thank him for what he achieved"

Sir Alf Ramsay - "There was no comparable footballer of his type in Europe, maybe George Best, he was a one-off"

George Best - "People said I was good, but Albert had far more skill and pace than I had, he left me breathless at times"

Billy Bremner - "Albert was incredible, he would spin, turn and leave defenders ten yards behind in the blink of an eye"

Don Revie - "He could do things with a football that most players I knew could only dream of"

Les Cocker - "The lad had everything, he was blessed with pace, skill and balance, what a player"

Tom Johnston - "I couldn't believe it when I signed him for York City, he was easily the most skilful player of his era"

Keith Macklin - "When I saw him racing down the wing with the ball, I thought, this lad has magic in his feet"

Clive Middlemass - "He was so much fun to be around away from the club, he loved his music and dancing"

John Skiffel - "Albert was a thrilling player, he deserved better from football, the game deserted and abandoned him"

Jim Bates - "Albert was a great footballer and a great man, he put black South African footballers on the map"

Justin Fashanu - "Every black footballer of a generation knows of Albert, his football skills are legend"

Paul Harrison - "He remains one of the most humble and genuine people and footballers I have ever met, a genuine hero"

The Statistics

Albert Louis Johanneson

Born 12 March 1940 - Johannesburg (South Africa)

5’7” 10st 3lb

Leeds United AFC - April 1961 - July 1970

Appearances /Goals

Football League - 172/48

F.A. Cup - 14/5

League Cup - 8/6

Europe - 5/18

Debut: (h) 8 April 1961 (Football League Division II) v Swansea Town (2-2)

Hat Trick Hero: 26 October 1966 (Inter Cities Fairs Cup [Round 2 - 2nd leg]) v DWS Amsterdam (5-1)

Goal of his career: 20 October 1962 (Football League Division II) v Newcastle United (1-0)

York City AFC - July 1970 - August 1971


Football League 26/3

F.A. Cup 3/1

League Cup 4/1

Debut: (h) 15 August 1970 (Football League Division IV) v Notts County (0-0)

The Legacy of Albert Johanneson

Paul Harrison

Albert Johanneson arrived on the shores of the British Isles in 1961 with hope in his heart and ambition in his mind. He believed Britain offered him a life he could only have dreamed of, a place where all of his dreams and aspirations could be achieved and fulfilled. A democratic society where people were treated as individuals and equals. He was a private man, a christian with faith in his fellow human being, particularly those in England, who he believed were better educated, more sensible and therefore more understanding towards cultural and social minorities.

Within minutes of arriving in London in January 1961, Albert Johanneson suffered racial abuse, vitriolic and hurtful words were directed towards him by perfect strangers, who formed instant opinions as to his character, simply because he was black. Sadly, despite his best efforts to win over his detractors through his undoubted football talent and skill, things rarely improved. Throughout his life in England, Albert endured physical and verbal abuse both on and off the football pitch. It was unacceptable, hurtful, spiteful and vicious, yet he rarely spoke of or complained about it beyond those close to him, he told me in his last ever interview;

"British society isn't above criticism when it comes to crimes against the people. No matter what people think, black people are viewed and treated very differently to others. Look at the race riots in this country; Notting Hill, Chapeltown, Toxteth, Brixton, Broadwater Farm, innocent people have died or been killed as a result of abuse and how they have been treated. When I first came here, I hoped things would be different from my life in the Rand. There, apartheid kept people apart, ruined lives, destroyed families, it decimated entire communities and drove permanent social and political wedges between the white man and the black or coloured communities as they were then known. Life there could be a living hell if you allowed yourself to be consumed by it."

"I genuinely believed Britain would be better, in some ways it was, it provided greater opportunities for me as a footballer, and I made new friends within the British African-Caribbean community but it was awkward once I started to move in football social circles. I have attended football functions where I was all but ignored, because I was one black man in an all white gathering. On the pitch other players tageted me for racist abuse from the moment they clapped eyes on me, until the time we parted. There was nowhere for me to hide on the pitch. The referee's didn't want to know, the linesmen followed the guidance of the referee. My own colleagues were in the main, supportive and good to me. Some looked after me, others deliberately shunned me when we were away from the game. The manager at Leeds, Don Revie, denied me a voice, I was told to sort my own problems out, one of the directors at the football club told me that I should expect and put up with racist comments because I was black!

Remember Brian Clough? I met with him when he was here (Leeds) as manager, he told me he was never an admirer, he said I was washed up as a footballer then said he would give me 'five bob' if I would shine his shoes for him. That's spiteful, yet its how people still see me, a lost cause that is to be pitied. Its a perception many people have, they believe they are superior to blacks and, at the end of the day, we are there to do as we are told. I'm certain they don't understand how much racist abuse hurts the victim, otherwise they surely wouldn't do it. It's wrong, and what makes it worse is that it is now 1995, and still that racist element exists in society, its like a cancer within football, its everywhere, in the clubs, on the pitch and on the terraces. The police and politicians claim its the hooligan groups who are racist, but thats wrong, its present especially among players. I want people to listen, and people who can change it, to do that, to make a difference.

Fast forward to present day, its 2012 and the integrity of the game is under scrutiny from countless allegations of racial abuse, a lesser more discreet abuse than that endured 51 years earlier by Albert Johanneson. No matter what, abuse is abuse, it hurts and has the same negative impact on its victim and innocent witnesses. As Albert said in 1995, innocent people have died as a result of racial abuse, we now know we can add to that list the name Albert Louis Johanneson. With no one to turn to and no network to support him, Albert turned to alcohol to help him temporarily forget the pain racial abuse caused. Eventually, Albert lost almost everything as he was consumed by his social demons. There remains one one thing he could never lose among those who knew and cared for him, his integrity. He was a lovely person, a good and kind man who held no malice or animosity, a man who always turned the other cheek, a man who could put a smile on the saddest face, this same man is one who British society failed.

'The Legacy of Albert Johanneson' is an interactive media presentation produced and presented by Paul Harrison. Its aim is to 'educate to eradicate' highlighting the hurt and harm racial abuse creates. Albert was a high profile footballer of his era, not as wealthy but equally in the spotlight as much as any Premiership star, despite this, no one knew or understood the suffering and pain he endured as a result of the racist taunts and abuse. By discussing and understanding the anguish racism causes to those targeted, whether they are high profile footballers or everyday people, we can begin to address its affects, and how to prevent it deteriorating further.

Albert achieved a great deal with his life, with little or no accreditation, his football career alone was worth much more than being remembered as 'the first black man to play in a Wembley Cup Final.' He was an ambassador, a fine footballer who in his hey day - thrilled thousands of people every week with his startling ball skills and goals. There were those who knew that each time he took to the football field he was fighting the pain of the racial abuse from his fellow professionals and from the terraces? They stood back and did nothing. Albert Johanneson, despite what some of his peers claim, was a courageous man who did his best to inspire his doubters of his ability and encourage other black footballers from across the world to follow their dream.

This unique presentation has been delivered to and welcomed by football communities and education bodies across the United Kingdom. It embraces all that football wants and football and society expects. Its fundamentally about football and racism and its affect on Albert Johanneson, its about understanding, fairness, equality, community cohesion, integrated communities and above all respect.

Whether you are a football club, educational body, local authority service, or other corporate body, 'The Legacy of Albert Johanneson' presentation will raise your awareness, helping to make a difference in the reduction and prevention of racial abuse in society. Paul Harrison has been described as an expert in hate crime (racial abuse) reduction, he has worked with local and central government bodies in producing race crime reduction processes and delivering sustainable community cohesion projects. In 2009 he won the prestigous national 'Outstanding Inidividual of the Year Award' for his voluntary work and tireless efforts and contribution towards helping victims of abuse.